Vijayan, N. and Bhagavannarayana, G. and Babu, R. R. and Gopalakrishnan, R. and Maurya, K. K. and Ramasamy, P. (2006) A comparative study on solution-and bridgman-grown single crystals of benzimidazole by high-resolution X-ray diffractometry, Fourier transform infrared, microhardness, laser damage threshold, and second-harmonic generation measurements. Crystal Growth and Design, 6 (6). pp. 1542-1546. ISSN 1528-7483

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Nowadays more attention has been paid to the growth of organic nonlinear optical single crystals due to their high nonlinear optical efficiency and fairly good optical damage threshold comparable to that of inorganic counterparts. The organic nonlinear optical single crystals of benzimidazole (BMZ) grown by the slow evaporation solution growth technique (SEST) and the vertical Bridgman technique (VBT) were characterized, and their results have been compared. Characterization has been made by high-resolution X-ray diffractometry (HRXRD), Fourier transform infrared ( FTIR), laser damage threshold, microhardness, and second-harmonic generation (SHG) measurement studies. The high-resolution X-ray diffraction curves (DCs) recorded by an inhouse developed multicrystal X-ray diffractometer (MCD) revealed that the crystals grown by both methods contain internal structural grain boundaries. However, VBT crystals normally contain multiple low angle ( tilt angle alpha >= 1 arc min) boundaries due to thermal stress caused during the cooling cycle by the difference in the lattice expansion coefficients of the glass tube and the crystal, whereas SEST crystals were found to contain only one very low angle (alpha < 1 arc min) boundary probably due to entrapment of solvent in the crystal during growth. From FTIR studies, it was found that the packing of molecules is more dense in the case of VBT-grown crystals than the case of SEST-grown crystals. From the Vicker's microhardness measurements made along the [ 100] direction, superior mechanical behavior is observed in VBT crystals than in SEST crystals. The mechanical behavior is correlated with their laser damage threshold values.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s American Chemical Society.
Subjects: Crystallography
Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Materials Science
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 08 May 2018 08:47
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 08:47

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