Kumar, Pankaj and Jain, S. C. and Misra, Aparna and Kamalasanan, M. N. and Kumar, V. Characteristics of a conducting organic diode with finite (nonzero) Schottky barrier. Journal of Applied Physics, 100 (11). 114506-1-114506-5. ISSN 1089-7550

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When the transport and Poisson equations are integrated a constant of integration C should be used. If the Schottky barrier (phi(B)) between metal electrode and organic semiconductor is zero, the injected carrier density at the contact is equal to that at the Fermi surface of the metal and can be taken as infinity to a good approximation. In this case the constant of integration C becomes zero. But for most cathodes and anodes used in organic devices the Schottky barriers are not zero. In these cases the constant C comes out to be A[J/P(0)(m)], where the constant A depends on material parameters, m is a constant more than 1, J is the current density, and P(0)proportional to exp(-phi(B)/kT) is the injected carrier density. Even for a small value of the Schottky barrier phi(B)=0.12 eV, P(0) is reduced by two orders of magnitude. For this or smaller value of P(0), C plays an important role in determining the J-V characteristics. We report a theory of J-V characteristics for finite (nonzero) Schottky barriers. Even for small values of the Schottky barrier the results are strikingly different from the conventional theory based on zero barrier. As the barrier increases the deviation from the conventional theory becomes large. For very large values of C, J-V characteristics become Ohmic. We have fabricated ITO/PEDOT:PSS/MEH-PPV/Au diode and measured their J-V characteristics. The theory given in this paper agrees with the experimental data at different temperatures and different sample thicknesses.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s IOP Publishing
Subjects: Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Depositing User: Users 27 not found.
Date Deposited: 07 May 2018 08:49
Last Modified: 07 May 2018 08:49
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/2427

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