Prasad, M. V. S. N. and Ratnamala, K. and Dalela, P. K. (2010) Mobile Communication Measurements Along Railroads and Model Evaluations Over Eastern-Indian Rural Regions. Antennas and Propagation Magazine, IEEE, 52 (5). 131 -141 . ISSN 1045-92431

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Establishing models for developing radio-planning tools that will be utilized to design new mobile networks for public safety,emergency communications, and public transportation (such as railways) is an essential component of system design. Field strength measurements were conducted in the rural eastern part of India in a moving train along the railroads, in the UHF band. This was done to identify suitable models for various rural zones of India along railroads, and to evaluate the suitability of existing models. Various models were tested with the data, and the standard deviations of the prediction errors were determined. For a given base station, the standard deviations of all the methods varied by 2 dB to 3 dB. The lowest standard deviations for all the base stations were seen in the Irregular Terrain Method (ITM) [1], followed by Hata's Method [2] for open regions. Path-loss exponents were derived, and were found to vary between two to three in low-density scattered environments. In rocky and hilly environments, the values shot up to more than six. The study also showed that numerical electromagnetic codes can be used to predict the path loss over any ground with relatively good accuracy, as their predictions agreed with experimental results.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society
Uncontrolled Keywords: Land mobile radio cellular systems; land mobile radio propagation factors; railroads; electromagnetic measurements; rural areas; prediction methods; path loss exponent; standard deviations
Subjects: Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2012 11:44
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2012 11:44

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