Dar, M. Abdullah and Majid, Kowsar and Najar, Mohd. Hanief and Kotnala, R. K. and Shah, Jyoti (2016) Synthesis and characterization of Li0.5Fe2.5-xGdxO4 ferrite nano-particles as a potential candidate for microwave device applications. Materials and Design, 90. 443 -452. ISSN 0261-3069

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The effect of Gd substitution on the microstructure, dielectric, impedance and magnetic properties of Li0.5Fe2.5-xGdxO4 (0.0 <= x <= 0.2) ferrite nano-crystals prepared by sol-gel auto-combustion method has been investigated. The X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the cubic spinel phase formation and broadness of reflection peaks indicates the formation of smaller sized particles. The crystallite size was observed to increase from 25.2 nm to 31.1 nm with increasing Gd substitution. The surface morphology and stoichiometric ratio of the compositional elements were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Dielectric and impedance measurements were carried out in the frequency range of 100 Hz-10 MHz. The dielectric properties of the present ferrite system were improved much by the substitution of Gd ions. The low dielectric loss at higher frequencies identifies the potential of these ferrites for high frequency applications. The impedance spectroscopy technique was used to study the effect of grain and grain boundary on the electrical properties. An enhancement in the value of saturation magnetization and Curie temperature has been obtained with Gd concentration, which is useful for technological aspects. The coercivity was also observed to decrease with Gd doping, except for the sample with x = 0.20.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dielectric properties Impedance spectroscopy Magnetic properties Curie temperature
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2018 11:17
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2018 11:17
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/2387

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