Sahoo, Sushrisangita and Mahapatra, P. K. and Choudhary, R. N. P. and Nandagoswami, M. L. and Kumar, Ashok (2016) Structural, electrical and magnetic characteristics of improper multiferroic: GdFeO3. Materials Research Express, 3 (6). pp. 1-20. ISSN 2053-1591

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (3837Kb) | Request a copy


Studies of dielectric, impedance, conductivity, magnetic and magneto-electric (ME) properties of GdFeO3 ceramics fabricated by chemical method are reported here. The synthesized powder is phase-pure and crystallizes in the orthorhombic crystal structure. Below 50 degrees C, the impedance has only grain contribution, while at higher temperatures, it has both grain and grain boundary contributions. Based on the depression angle of the Nyquist plot, the inhomogeneity of the sample is estimated. The capacitance data reveal that at low temperatures, the sample behaves as a leaky capacitor while at higher temperatures the sample shows the effect of the diffusion of thermally excited charge carriers across a barrier. In the low-frequency domain, the dielectric characteristics were explained on the basis of the Maxwell-Wagner mechanism, while in the high-frequency range those were correlated to the grain effect. The frequency dependent characteristic of the tangent loss is explained as a combined contribution from the Debye-like relaxation and dc conductivity related mechanism at higher temperatures. The temperature dependence of the dielectric characteristic and data are found to fit with two Gaussian peaks centered at 148 degrees C and 169 degrees C. While the first peak is explained on the basis of the Maxwell-Wagner mechanism, the second has its origin in magnetic reordering and the shifting of Gd3+ ions along the c-axis. The magnetic reordering also results in a sharp decrease of conductivity between 169 degrees C and 243 degrees C. The frequency dependent ac conductivity is explained on the basis of the correlated barrier hopping model and the quantum mechanical hopping model for the different frequency domain. The existence of P-E and M-Hloops support its improper ferroelectric behavior and canted anti-ferromagnetism respectively. The ME coefficient of the sample is found to be 1.78 mV cm(-1) Oe(-1).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s IOP Publishing.
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2018 07:39
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2018 07:39

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item