Priya, Bhanu and Shandilya, Pooja and Raizada, Pankaj and Thakur, Pankaj and Singh, Nahar and Singh, Pardeep (2016) Photocatalytic mineralization and degradation kinetics of ampicillin and oxytetracycline antibiotics using graphene sand composite and chitosan supported BiOCl. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 423. pp. 400-413. ISSN 1381-1169

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In precedent work, nano-sized BiOCl was immobilized onto graphene sand composite (GSC) and chitosan (CT) to report efficient photocatalytic system for wastewater treatment. GSC was prepared by graphitization of sugar over river sand. The supported BiOCl was prepared by modified hydrolysis method to report BiOCl/GSC and BiOCl/CT photocatalysts. The citric acid directed nucleation and growth process resulted in well dispersed BiOCl nanoplates over GSC and CT. The supported catalysts were characterized by FESEM, TEM, HRTEM, FTIR, XRD, EDX, BET, Raman, photoluminescence and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectral analysis. The optical band gap of BiOCl/GSC and BiOCl/CT was given by 3.31 and 3.33 eV, respectively. The size of BiOCl/GSC and BiOCl/CT was found to be 50 and 70 nm respectively. The catalytic efficiency of BiOCl/GSC and BiOCl/CT was tested for ampicillin (AMP) and oxytetracycline (OTC) removal. The adsorption of AMP and OTC followed pseudo second order kinetics. Both BiOCl/GSC and BiOCl/CT exhibited significant photocatalytic activity for the mineralization of ampicillin (AMP) and oxytetracycline (OTC) antibiotics under solar light. Simultaneous adsorption and degradation process (A+P) process showed higher antibiotic degradation rate. The applicability of power law model showed the complex nature of mineralization process. During A+P process, both antibiotics were mineralized to CO2, H2O and NO3- ions. BiOCl/GSC and BiOCl/CT exhibited significant recycle efficiency for 10 catalytic cycles in comparison to native BiOCl. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Supported BiOCl Antibiotics Adsorptional-photocatalysis Mineralization kinetics Recycle efficiency
Subjects: Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2018 06:54
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2018 06:54

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