Verma, Kuldeep Chand and Kotnala, R. K. (2016) Oxygen vacancy induced by La and Fe into ZnO nanoparticles to modify ferromagnetic ord. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 237. 211 -218. ISSN 0022-4596

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We reported long-range ferromagnetic interactions in La doped Zn0.95Fe0.05O nanoparticles that mediated through lattice defects or vacancies. Zn0.92Fe0.05La0.03O (ZFLaO53) nanoparticles were synthesized by a sol-gel process. X-ray fluorescence spectrum of ZFLaO53 detects the weight percentage of Zn, Fe, La and O. X-ray diffraction shows the hexagonal Wurtzite ZnO phase. The Rietveld refinement has been used to calculate the lattice parameters and the position of Zn, Fe, La and O atoms in the Wurtzite unit cell. The average size of ZFLaO53 nanoparticles is 99 nm. The agglomeration type product due to OH ions with La results into ZnO nanoparticles than nanorods that found in pure ZnO and Zn0.95Fe0.05O sample. The effect of doping concentration to induce Wurtzite ZnO structure and lattice defects has been analyzed by Raman active vibrational modes. Photoluminescence spectra show an abnormal emission in both UV and visible region, and a blue shift at near band edge is formed with doping. The room temperature magnetic measurement result into weak ferromagnetism but pure ZnO is diamagnetic. However, the temperature dependent magnetic measurement using zero-field and field cooling at dc magnetizing field 500 Oe induces long-range ferromagnetic ordering. It results into antiferromagnetic Neel temperature of ZFLaO53 at around 42 K. The magnetic hysteresis is also measured at 200, 100, 50 and 10 K measurement that indicate enhancement in ferromagnetism at low temperature. Overall, the La doping into Zn0.95Fe0.05O results into enhanced antiferromagnetic interaction as well as lattice defects/vacancies. The role of the oxygen vacancy as the dominant defects in doped ZnO must form Bound magnetic polarons has been described.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanoparticles Lattice distortion/defects/vacancies Ferromagnetism
Subjects: Chemistry > Inorganic Chemistry
Chemistry > Nuclear Chemistry
Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2018 06:50
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2018 06:50

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