Kotnala, Ravinder Kumar and Shah, Jyoti (2016) Green hydroelectrical energy source based on water dissociation by nanoporous ferrite. International Journal of Energy Research, 40 (12). 1652 -1661 . ISSN 0363-907X

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Dissociation of water molecule occurs on octahedrally coordinated unsaturated suface cations and oxygen vacancies created by lithium substitution in magnesium ferrite. Lower synthesis temperature of ferrite has generated nanopores in microstructure. Dissociated hydronium and hydroxyl ions are transported through surface and capillary diffusion in porous ferrite network towards attached Zn and Ag electrodes. Water molecule dissociation ability of nanoporous ferrite has been exploited to develop a green electrical energy cell, which is a combination of material science and electrode chemistry. The innovated cell has been nomenclatured as hydroelectric cell (HEC). When HEC is partially dipped in deionized water, spontaneously hydroxide and hydronium ions are produced by water molecule dissociation. Hydronium ions trapped in nanopores develop enough electric field that further dissociates physisorbed water molecules. Thereby, the process of water molecule dissociation is accelerated in a bigger way to increase ionic current in the cell. Oxidation of Zn electrode by hydroxide ion and reduction of H3O+ at Ag electrode develop voltage and electric current in the cell. The HEC cell of a 17 cm(2) area is able to generate a short circuit current of 82mA and 920 mV emf with a maximum output power of 74 mW, which is three order higher than reported output power 1.4 mu W/cm(2) produced by water in cement matrix. Hydroelectric cell performance is repetitive, stable and possesses potential to replace traditional ways of generating renewable energy in terms of cost and safety.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Wiley.
Subjects: Energy Fuels
Nuclear Science Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2017 06:45
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 06:45
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/2234

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