Sharma, T. and Singhal, R. and Vishnoi, R. and Sharma, P. and Patra, A. and Chand, S. and Lakshmi, G. B. V. S. and Biswas, S. K. (2016) Electronic excitation induced modifications of optical and morphological properties of PCBM thin films. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 379. pp. 176-180. ISSN 0168-583X

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Phenyl C-61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) is a fullerene derivative and most commonly used in organic photovoltaic devices both as electron acceptor and transporting material due to high electron mobility. PCBM is easy to spin caste on some substrate as it is soluble in chlorobenzene. In this study, the spin coated thin films of PCBM (on two different substrate, glass and double sided silicon) were irradiated using 90 MeV Ni7+ swift heavy ion beam at low fluences ranging from 1 x 10(9) to 1 x 10(11) ions/cm(2) to study the effect of ion beam irradiation. The pristine and irradiated PCBM thin films were characterized by UV visible absorption spectroscopy and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to investigate the optical properties before and after irradiation. These thin films were further analyzed using atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate the morphological modifications which are induced by energetic ions. The variation in optical band gap after irradiation was measured using Tauc's relation from UV visible absorption spectra. A considerable change was observed with increasing fluence in optical band gap of irradiated thin films of PCBM with respect to the pristine film. The decrease in FTIR band intensity of C-60 cage reveals the polymerization reaction due to high energy ion impact. The roughness is also found to be dependent on incident fluences. This study throws light for the application of PCBM in organic solar cells in form of ion irradiation induced nanowires of PCBM for efficient charge carrier transportation in active layer.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: PCBM Irradiation FTIR spectroscopy
Subjects: Instruments/ Instrumentation
Physics > Atomic and Molecular Physics
Physics > Nuclear Physics
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2017 11:22
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2017 11:22

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