Sharma, Sudhir Kumar and Sharma, Ashima and Saxena, Mohit and Choudhary, Nikki and Masiwal, Renu and Mandal, Tuhin Kumar and Sharma, Chhemendra (2016) Chemical characterization and source apportionment of aerosol at an urban area of Central Delhi, India. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 7 (1). pp. 110-121. ISSN 1309-1042

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2586Kb) | Request a copy


The concentrations of organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), water soluble inorganic ionic components (WSIC), and major & trace elements of PM10 were studied in Delhi, an urban site of the Indo Gangetic Plain (IGP), India during January 2013 to June 2014. The average mass concentration of PM10 recorded as 249.7 +/- 103.9 mu g m(-3) (average +/- standard deviation) with a range of 61.4e584.8 mu g m(-3). The strong seasonal variation was noticed in the mass concentration of PM10 and its chemical composition with maxima during winter (PM10: 293.9 +/- 95.6 mu g m(-3); OC: 30.5 +/- 13.7 mu g m(-3); EC: 15.2 +/- 7.4 mu g m(-3)) and minima during monsoon (PM10: 143.9 +/- 36.3 mu g m(-3); OC: 19.9 +/- 16.2 mu g m(-3); EC: 7.4 +/- 5.4 mu g m(-3)). The average concentration of major and trace elements (Na, Mg, Al, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Si, Cr, Ti, As, Br, Pb, Fe, Zn and Mn) was accounted for similar to 18.5% of PM10 mass. Results of Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) model, HYSPLIT4 trajectory model, PSCF analysis and cluster analysis provide region of sources and its strength and types of sources of PM10 over Delhi. Positive PMF provides that the major source of PM10 are soil dust (22.7%) followed by secondary aerosols (20.5%), vehicle emissions (17.0%), fossil fuel burning (15.5%), biomass burning (12.2%), industrial emissions (7.3%) and sea salts (4.8%) at the observational site of Delhi. The cluster analysis of air mass trajectories calculated by HYSPLIT model indicates that the air mass approaches to the observational site mainly from 4 sides (north-western IGP, Pakistan (10%); northwestern IGP, Northwest Asia (45%); eastern IGP (38%); Pakistan and Arabian Sea (6%)) during study. Potential Source Contribution Function (PSCF) analysis also supports the cluster analysis indicating that the concentration of PM10 mass contributed, is mainly from IGP region (Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab etc.), Afghanistan, Pakistan and surrounding areas.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier B.V.
Uncontrolled Keywords: PM10 Organic carbon Elemental carbon Positive matrix factorization
Subjects: General Science
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2017 07:49
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 07:49

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item