Chawla, Santa and K., Jayanthi and Chander, Harish and D., Haranath and Halder, S. K. and Kar, M. (2007) Synthesis and optical properties of ZnO/MgO nanocomposite. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 459 (1-2). 457-460 . ISSN 0925-8388

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ZnO and its ternary alloy ZnMgO offer an excellent material system with potential in applications related to quantum well and photonic devices in UV and visible. ZnO and ZnO/MgO composite were prepared by solid-state mixing and sintering at high temperature in reducing atmosphere. ZnO/MgO nanocomposites up to 50% Mg content could be prepared by this method. The resultant sample was in powder form and has distribution of grain sizes. X-ray diffraction showed hexagonal ZnO structure with small signature of cubic MgO, which increased with increasing Mg content. Particle size estimated from Scherrer formula was in the range of 40nm, which reflected the average crystallite size. Photoluminescence (PL) studies showed excitation peak around 290 nm (4.3 eV) and 350 nm (3.5 eV). Pure ZnO nanophosphor showed emission peak around 508 nm, which blue shifted with increasing Mg content. Time resolved decay of PL indicated decay time in the microsecond time scale. Optical absorption spectra showed bandgap about 5.6 eV for ZnO/MgO nanocomposite with 50% Mg content. The optical absorption measurement was done in the colloidal suspension form and it is expected that only nanoparticles of very small grain size were effectively contributing to the optical absorption process. The large bandgap could then be manifestation of quantum size effect.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier B.V.
Subjects: Chemistry
Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Materials Science
Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2017 12:32
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2017 12:32

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