Sharma, Rajni and Alam, Firoz and Sharma, A. K. and Dutta, V. and Dhawan, S. K. (2015) Role of zinc oxide and carbonaceous nanomaterials in non-fullerene-based polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells for improved cost-to-performance ratio. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3 (44). 22227-22238 . ISSN 2050-7488

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Cost-effective carbonaceous allotropes other than fullerene (i.e. carbon quantum dots or C-dots), ZnO nanoparticles and their nanocomposites were synthesized as alternatives to expensive fullerene in polymer-based bull( heterojunction solar cells. A facile microwave-assisted hydrothermal route was used to synthesize nanomaterials in a short time span along with inexpensive precursors to reduce the cost. Taking into account the cost-to-performance ratio, devices were fabricated in direct configuration as ITO/PEDOT:PSS/PFO-DBT:ZnO (or C-dots, Z@G, Z@C-dots)/Al followed by device optimization to obtain optimized device parameters. The devices exhibit significant short-circuit current density (J(sc)), open-circuit voltage (V-oc) and power conversion efficiency (PCE). The best power conversion efficiency of 3.9% with J(sc) 14.8 mA cm(-2), V-oc, of 0.82 V and fill factor of 32% was obtained with Z@C-dots as acceptor at active layer concentration of 40 mg ml(-1) and weight ratio of 1 : 1. In addition, the phase analysis of the active-layer interface demonstrates the better compatibility of the organic:organic phase (i.e. polymer:C-dots with a device PCE of 2.8%) as compared to the organic:inorganic phase (i.e. polymer:ZnO with a device PCE of 1.41%). Moreover, the best performance of the organic:hybrid phase (i.e. polymer:Z@C-dots with a device PCE of 3.9%) is due to the exploitation of properties of both organic and inorganic components on the same platform. C-dots as an acceptor give an overall power conversion efficiency of 2.8%, whereas Z@G resulted in an efficiency of 3.1%. A fullerene-based device gives an efficiency of 4.2% (just 0.3% more in comparison to Z@C-dots), but the difference in material cost is more than 50 times, which thus results in a significant improvement in the cost-to-performance ratio of a Z@C-dots-based device than a device using fullerene as an acceptor. Therefore, the developed carbonaceous nanomaterials act as potential acceptors in non-fullerene-based polymer solar cells for possible applications.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Energy Fuels
Materials Science
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2016 07:16
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2016 07:16

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