Kumar, Sanjeev and Singh, Vaishali and Mandal, Uttam K. and Kotnala, R. K. (2015) Nanocrystalline Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite: Synthesis, characterization and study of their magnetic behavior at different temperatures. Inorganica Chimica Acta, 428. pp. 21-26. ISSN 0020-1693

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Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite nanocrystals with average diameter in the range of 5-6 nm have been synthesized by reverse microemulsion technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) are used to characterize the structural, morphological, and magnetic properties. X-ray analysis showed that the nanocrystals possess cubic spinel structure. The absence of hysteresis, negligible remanence, and coercivity at 300 K indicate the superparamagnetic character and single domain in the nanocrystalline Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite materials. The nanocrystalline Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite was annealed at 600 degrees C. As a result of heat treatment, the average particle size increases from 5 nm to 7 nm and the corresponding magnetization value increases to 15.94 emu/g at 300 K. However, at a low temperature of 100 K, the annealed samples show hysteresis loop which is the characteristic of a superparamagnetic to ferromagnetic transition. A comparative study of the magnetic properties of Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite nanocrystals obtained from (1) reverse microemulsion and (2) chemical co-precipitation route has also been carried out.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanostructured materials Chemical synthesis Magnetization Magnetic measurement Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) X-ray diffraction (XRD)
Subjects: Chemistry > Inorganic Chemistry
Chemistry > Nuclear Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2016 06:21
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2016 06:21
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1917

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