Dhawan, Ridham and Kumari, Saroj and Kumar, Rajeev and Dhawan, S. K. and Dhakate, Sanjay R. (2015) Mesocarbon microsphere composites with Fe3O4 nanoparticles for outstanding electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness. RSC Advances, 5 (54). 43279-43289. ISSN 2046-2069

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Development of advanced carbon based materials with improved microstructure properties, finding widespread applications in electromagnetic shielding is a challenge for the scientific community. This research paper describes a method, which is simple and economic for the synthesis of mesocarbon microspheres (MCMS) from heat treatment of coal tar pitch and petroleum pitch followed by solvent extraction. The MCMS were then semi-graphitized (GMCMS) at 1400 degrees C and the distance between the graphitic layers of GMCMS was increased by a chemical treatment called expanded EMCMS. Further, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were in situ incorporated in GMCMS and EMCMS. All the samples were characterized for various parameters, particularly with regard to their potential use in electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness in the X-band of the frequency range of 8.2 GHz to 12.4 GHz. A maximum total shielding effectiveness (SET) of -65.4 and -75.8 dB for GMCMS-Fe3O4 and EMCMS-Fe3O4, respectively was achieved which is more than double for the bare samples, i.e., -29 and -32 dB for GMCMS and EMCMS, respectively. A total SET was obtained for the EMCMS-Fe3O4 composite of similar to-75.8 dB in the whole X band which is remarkably high compared to other reported values in the literature. EM parameters such as relative complex permittivity and relative complex permeability of all the composites were also studied in the X band frequency range.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2016 05:29
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2016 05:29
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1900

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