Sharma, S. K. and Verma, Sunil and Singh, Yeshpal and Bartwal, K. S. and Tiwari, M. K. and Lodha, G. S. and Bhagavannarayana, G. (2015) Investigations of structural defects, crystalline perfection, metallic impurity concentration and optical quality of flat-top KDP crystal. Optical Materials, 46. 329-338 . ISSN 0925-3467

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KDP crystal grown using flat-top technique has been characterized using X-ray and optical techniques with the aim of correlating the defects structure and impurity concentration in the crystal with its optical properties. Crystallographic defects were investigated using X-ray topography revealing linear and arc like chains of dislocations and to conclude that defects do not originate from the flat-top part of the crystal. Etching was performed to quantify dislocation defects density. The crystalline perfection of the crystal was found to be high as the FWHM of the rocking curves measured at several locations was consistently low 6-9 arc s. The concentration of Fe metallic impurity quantified using X-ray fluorescence technique was approximately 5 times lower in the flat-top part which falls in pyramidal growth sector as compared to the region near to the seed which lies in prismatic sector. The spectrophotometric characterization for plates cut normal to different crystallographic directions in the flat-top potassium dihydrogen phosphate (FT-KDP) crystal was performed to understand the influence of metallic impurity distribution and growth sectors on the optical transmittance. The transmittance of the FT-KDP crystal at 1064 nm and its higher harmonics (2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th) was determined from the measured spectra and the lower transmission in the UV region was attributed to increased absorption by Fe metallic impurity at these wavelengths. The results are in agreement with the results obtained using X-ray fluorescence and X-ray topography. Birefringence and Mach Zehnder interferometry show that except for the region near to the seed crystal the optical homogeneity of the entire crystal was good. The laser-induced damage threshold (LDT) values are in the range 2.4-3.9 GW/cm(2). The LDT of the plate taken from the flat-top region is higher than that from the bottom of the crystal, indicating that the flat-top technique has good optical quality and is comparable to those reported using rapid growth technique. The results indicate that the structural defects, crystalline quality and impurity concentration have a correlation with the optical properties of the FT-KDP crystal.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: KDP crystal Defects Topography X-ray fluorescence Optical interferometry Laser damage threshold
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2016 07:19
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2016 07:19

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