Srivastava, Sanjay K. and Singh, Prashant and Yameen, Mohammad and Prathap, P. and Rauthan, C. M. S. and Vandana, Ms and Singh, P. K. (2015) Antireflective ultra-fast nano scale texturing for efficient multi-crystalline silicon solar cells. Solar Energy , 115. pp. 656-666. ISSN 0038-092X

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Minimization of reflection losses is extremely important for efficient silicon solar cells made either on mono crystalline (c-) or multi-crystalline (mc-) silicon (Si) substrates. A simple and fast etching process yet effective for nano-scale texturing of mc-Si surface using silver assisted wet chemical etching is reported. This results in very low reflecting (<3%) mc-Si surface in the broad (300-1100 nm) spectral range in a short duration (similar to 30 s) of etch time. The process is applied successfully to produce black mc-Si solar cell with n(+)-p-p(+) structure wherein n(+) emitter and p(+) back surface field are made by phosphorus and aluminum diffusion respectively. A significant increase (similar to 20%) in the short circuit current is observed in the nano-textured mc-Si solar cell as compared to the control cell (processed in the same batch) without any deleterious effect on other performance parameters. The improved performance of the nano-textured cell is also confirmed by light beam induced current measurements. It is a "proof of concept" of a simple, fast and inexpensive etching process to realize anti-reflective surface on mc-Si with improved solar cell performance and have potential for industrial solar cell application.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Silver assisted etching; Black multi-crystalline silicon; Reflection loss; Solar cells
Subjects: Energy Fuels
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2016 06:44
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 06:44

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