Ali, Md. Azahar and Mondal, Kunal and Singh, Chandan and Malhotra, Bansi Dhar and Sharma, Ashutosh (2015) Anti-epidermal growth factor receptor conjugated mesoporous zinc oxide nanofibers for breast cancer diagnostics. Nanoscale, 7 (16). 7234-7245 . ISSN 2040-3364

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We report the fabrication of an efficient, label-free, selective and highly reproducible immunosensor with unprecedented sensitivity (femto-molar) to detect a breast cancer biomarker for early diagnostics. Mesoporous zinc oxide nanofibers (ZnOnFs) are synthesized by electrospinning technique with a fiber diameter in the range of 50-150 nm. Fragments of ZnOnFs are electrophoretically deposited on an indium tin oxide glass substrate and conjugated via covalent or electrostatic interactions with a biomarker (anti-ErbB2; epidermal growth factor receptor 2). Oxygen plasma treatment of the carbon doped ZnOnFs generates functional groups (-COOH, -OH, etc.) that are effective for the conjugation of anti-ErbB2. ZnOnFs without plasma treatment that conjugate via electrostatic interactions were also tested for comparison. Label-free detection of the breast cancer biomarker by this point-of-care device is achieved by an electrochemical impedance technique that has high sensitivity (7.76 k Omega mu M-1) and can detect 1 fM (4.34 x 10(-5) ng mL(-1)) concentration. The excellent impedimetric response of this immunosensor provides a fast detection (128 s) in a wide detection test range (1.0 fM-0.5 mu M). The oxy-plasma treated ZnOnF immuno-electrode shows a higher association constant (404.8 kM(-1) s(-1)) indicating a higher affinity towards the ErbB2 antigen compared to the untreated ZnOnF immunoelectrode (165.6 kM(-1) s(-1)). This sensor is about an order of magnitude more sensitive than the best demonstrated in the literature based on different nanomaterials and about three orders of magnitude better than the ELISA standard for breast cancer biomarker detection. This proposed point-of-care cancer diagnostic offers several advantages, such as higher stability, rapid monitoring, simplicity,

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Materials Science
Applied Physics/Condensed Matter
Nanoscience/ Nanotechnology
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2016 06:42
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 06:42

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