Soni, Kirti and Kapoor, Sangeeta and Parmar, Kulwinder Singh and Kaskaoutis, Dimitris G. (2014) Statistical analysis of aerosols over the Gangetic-Himalayan region using ARIMA model based on long-term MODIS observations. Atmospheric Research, 149. pp. 174-192. ISSN 0169-8095

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (3842Kb) | Request a copy


Long-term observations and modeling of aerosol loading over the Indo-Gangetic plains (IGP), the Indian desert region and Himalayan slopes are analyzed in the present study. The BoxJenkins popular ARIMA (AutoRegressive Integrated Moving Average) model was applied to simulate the monthly-mean Terra MODIS (MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD(550) nm) over eight sites in the region covering a period of about 13 years (March 2000-May 2012). The autocorrelation structure has been analyzed indicating a deterministic pattern in the time series that it regains its structure every 24 month period. The ARIMA models namely ARIMA(2,0,12), ARIMA(1,0,6), ARIMA(3,0,0), ARIMA(2,0,13) ARIMA(0,0,12), ARIMA(2,0,2), ARIMA(1,0,12) and ARIMA(0,0,1) have been developed as the most suitable for simulating and forecasting the monthly-mean AOD over the eight selected locations. The Stationary R-squared, R-squared, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Normalized BIC (Bayesian Information Criterion) are used to test the validity and applicability of the developed ARIMA models revealing adequate accuracy in the model performance. The values of Hurst Exponent, Fractal Dimension and Predictability Index for AODs are about 0.5, 1.5 and 0, respectively, suggesting that the AODs in all sites follow the Brownian time-series motion (true random walk). High AOD values (>0.7) are observed over the industrialized and densely-populated IGP sites associated with low ones over the foothills/slopes of the Himalayas. The trends in AOD during the similar to 13-year period differentiates depending on season and site. During post-monsoon and winter accumulation of aerosols and increasing trends are shown over IGP sites, which are neutralized in pre-monsoon and become slightly negative in monsoon. The AOD over the Himalayan sites does not exhibit any significant trend and seems to be practically unaffected by the aerosol built-up over IGP.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/S Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerosol optical depth MODIS ACF PACF ARIMA South Asia
Subjects: Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2015 10:42
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2015 10:42

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item