Borkar, Hitesh and Singh, V. N. and Singh, B. P. and Tomar, M. and Gupta, Vinay and Kumar, Ashok (2014) Room temperature lead-free relaxor-antiferroelectric electroceramics for energy storage applications. RSC Advances, 4 (44). 22840 -22847. ISSN 2046-2069

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Round the globe, scientific communities have been searching for new materials for "green" energy, producing efficiently both high power as well as high energy density. Relaxor ferroelectrics (RFEs) have shown immense potential to achieve this goal. We report fabrication of [Na0.42Bi0.44Al0.06Ba0.08) TiO3 (NBAT-BT)], a lead-free-relaxor antiferroelectric ceramic, via a conventional solid-state reaction method. A small fraction of trivalent cations ( Al3+) doping at Na1+/Bi3+ sites develop anti-polar phase in the ferroelectric matrix which in turn changes its functional properties. Rietveld refinement suggests the existence of both tetragonal and rhombohedral phases which is well supported by d-spacing values obtained in high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) studies. Elemental analysis confirms the stoichiometry of the system and matches the starting composition well within the experimental uncertainty (+/- 10%) of secondary electron microscopy (SEM) and HRTEM data. Raman spectra suggest the substitution of Al3+ cation at an A-site sublattice. Temperature-dependent dielectric spectra show frequency dependent dielectric dispersion near 80-110 degrees C, high dielectric loss at high probing frequency, and a non-linear Vogel-Fulcher relation, substantiating the relaxor-antiferroelectric (r-AFE) nature of NBAT-BT. A second order diffuse anti/ferro-electric to paraelectric phase transition near 230-240 degrees C was observed which follows a modified Curie-Weiss law. The energy density was calculated from polarization-electric field (P-E) loops anddielectric-electric field (epsilon-E) plot. The values were in the range of 0.4-0.6 J cm(-3), which is reasonably good for bulk polar material. NBAT-BT shows a much thinner AFE hysteresis above its relaxor FE phase transition; that favors the enhanced energy storage capacity at elevated temperature in the depolarized paraelectric region.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2015 07:56
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2015 07:56

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