Haider, S. A. and Mahajan, K. K. (2014) Lower and Upper Ionosphere of Mars. Space Science Reviews, 182 (1-4). pp. 19-84. ISSN 0038-6308

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The ionosphere of Mars has been explored mostly with the radio occultation experiment onboard Mariners 6, 7, 9; Mars 2, 3, 4, 6; Viking 1, 2, and more recently on Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) and Mars Express (MEX). In addition to the radio occultation experiment, MEX also carried Mars Advanced Radar for the Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding (MARSIS) experiment which provided electron density profiles well above the main ionospheric peak. The atmosphere of Mars was measured directly by the neutral mass spectrometer onboard Viking 1 and 2 Landers. Later, an accelerometer and radio occultation experiment on MGS provided large data sets of atmospheric density at various locations in the upper and lower atmospheres of Mars, respectively. In this paper we review results of these upper and lower atmospheric/ionospheric measurements. Results of these measurements have been compared with theoretical models by several workers; therefore, we also review various atmospheric and ionospheric models of Mars.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/S Springer Verlag.
Subjects: Astronomy & Astrophysics
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2015 06:18
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2015 06:18
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1420

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