Kumar, Amit and Singh, Rajiv K. and Singh, Hari K. and Srivastava, Pankaj and Singh, Ramadhar (2014) Mechanism of direct current electrical charge conduction in p-toluenesulfonate doped polypyrrole/carbon composites. Journal of Applied Physics, 115 (10). ISSN 0021-8979

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Polypyrrole/carbon (PPy/C) composites have been synthesized using varying concentration of p-toluenesulfonate (pTS) dopant by surface initiated in-situ chemical oxidative polymerization. The synthesis and influence of pTS on the structure of the PPy/C composites are confirmed by Fourier transform infrared studies and the morphological features have been examined by scanning electron microscopy. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, employed to examine the surface composition and doping level of these composites, confirms the anionic doping into the polymer backbone. Electron spin resonance measurement has been carried out on these samples to identify the nature of the charge carriers and their concentration at different doping levels. The dc electrical conductivity of these composites has been measured in the temperature range similar to 10-305 K. The observed results have been analyzed in the framework of existing theoretical models. Different Mott's parameters, such as characteristic temperature (T-0), density of states at the Fermi level {N(E-F)}, average hopping distance (R), and average hopping energy (W), evaluated from dc conductivity data supports the applicability of Mott's three dimensional variable range hopping mechanism in this system.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Physics
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2015 06:33
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2015 06:33
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1405

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