Chauhan, Amit Kumar Singh and -, Govind and S. M., Shivaprasad (2010) Adsorption/desorption kinetics of Na atoms on reconstructed Si (111)-7×7 surface. Thin Solid Films, 519 (3). pp. 1012-1015. ISSN 0040-6090

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Self-assembled nanostructures on a periodic template are fundamentally and technologically important as they put forward the possibility to fabricate and pattern micro/nano-electronics for sensors, ultra highdensity memories and nanocatalysts. Alkali-metal (AM) nanostructure grown on a semiconductor surface has received considerable attention because of their simple hydrogen like electronic structure. However,little efforts have been made to understand the fundamental aspects of the growth mechanism of selfassembled nanostructures of AM on semiconductor surfaces. In this paper, we report organized investigation of kinetically controlled room-temperature (RT) adsorption/desorption of sodium (Na) metal atoms on clean reconstructed Si (111)-7×7 surface, by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The RT uptake curve shows a layer-by-layer growth (Frank-vander Merve growth) mode of Na on Si (111)-7×7 surfaces and a shift is observed in the binding energy position of Na (1s) spectra. The thermal stability of the Na/Si (111) system was inspected by annealing the system to higher substrate temperatures. Within a temperature range from RT to 350 °C, the temperature induced mobility to the excess Na atoms sitting on top of the bilayer, allowing to arrange themselves. Na atoms desorbed over a wide temperature range of 370 °C, before depleting the Si (111) surface at temperature 720 °C. The acquired valence-band (VB) spectra during Na growth revealed the development of new electronic-states near the Fermi level and desorption leads the termination of these. For Na adsorption up to 2 monolayers, decrease in work function (−1.35 eV) was observed, whereas work function of the system monotonically increases with Na desorption from the Si surface as observed by other studies also. This kinetic and thermodynamic study of Na adsorbed Si (111)-7×7 system can be utilized in fabrication of sensors used in night vision devices.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Applied Physics/Condensed Matter > Thin Films
Chemistry > Organic Chemistry
Crystallography > X-Ray Crystallography
Nanoscience/ Nanotechnology > Materials Science
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2012 12:16
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2012 07:17

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