Krishnakumar, Vasudevannair and Satyanarayana, Malladi and Radhakrishnan, Soman R. and Dhaman, Reji K. and Jayeshlal, Glory Selvan and Motty, Gopinathan Nair S. and Pillai, Vellara P. Mahadevan and Raghunath, Karnam and Ratnam, Madineni Venkat and Rao, Duggirala Ramakrishna and Sudhakar, Pindlodi (2014) Lidar investigations on the optical and dynamical properties of cirrus clouds in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere regions at a tropical station, Gadanki, India (13.5 degrees N, 79.2 degrees E). Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 8. 083659-1-083659-22. ISSN 1931-3195

PDF - Published Version
Download (3978Kb) | Preview


High altitude cirrus clouds are composed mainly of ice crystals with a variety of sizes and shapes. They have a large influence on Earth's energy balance and global climate. Recent studies indicate that the formation, dissipation, life time, optical, and micro-physical properties are influenced by the dynamical conditions of the surrounding atmosphere like background aerosol, turbulence, etc. In this work, an attempt has been made to quantify some of these characteristics by using lidar and mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere (MST) radar. Mie lidar and 53 MHz MST radar measurements made over 41 nights during the period 2009 to 2010 from the tropical station, Gadanki, India (13.5 degrees N, 79.2 degrees E). The optical and microphysical properties along with the structure and dynamics of the cirrus are presented as observed under different atmospheric conditions. The study reveals the manifestation of different forms of cirrus with a preferred altitude of formation in the 13 to 14 km altitude. There are considerable differences in the properties obtained among 2009 and 2010 showing significant anomalous behavior in 2010. The clouds observed during 2010 show relatively high asymmetry and large multiple scattering effects. The anomalies found during 2010 may be attributed to the turbulence noticed in the surrounding atmosphere. The results show a clear correlation between the crystal morphology in the clouds and the dynamical conditions of the prevailing atmosphere during the observational period. (c) 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lidar; cirrus optical properties; irrus symmetry; lasers remote sensing
Subjects: Imaging Science & Photographic Technology
Remote Sensing
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2015 07:18
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2015 07:18

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item