Bhardwaj, A. and Misra, D. K. (2014) Improving the thermoelectric performance of TiNiSn half-Heusler via incorporating submicron lamellae eutectic phase of Ti70.5Fe29.5: a new strategy for enhancing the power factor and reducing the thermal conductivity. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2 (48). 20980 -20989. ISSN 2050-7488

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The concept of a composite derived by incorporating a second minor phase in bulk thermoelectric materials has established itself as an effective paradigm for optimizing high thermoelectric performance. In this work, the incorporation of submicron lamellae eutectic phases into cheap, abundant and nontoxic TiNiSn half-Heusler is extended for the first time to optimize its thermoelectric performance. Half-Heusler (HH) TiNiSn/eutectic Ti70.5Fe29.5 composites were fabricated by employing the arc-melting route, followed by the spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique. Incorporating the metallic submicron lamellae eutectic phase of Ti70.5Fe29.5 into the HH TiNiSn matrix results in a substantial increase in the power factor (similar to 57% higher than TiNiSn HH) and simultaneous reduction (similar to 25% lower than TiNiSn HH) in the thermal conductivity, leading to an enhanced thermoelectric figure-of-merit (ZT) of 0.41 at 773 K for the half-Heusler (HH) TiNiSn/eutectic Ti70.5Fe29.5 composite with a mass ratio a 33 : 1, which is 105% higher than its counterpart TiNiSn HH. This enhancement in power factor is primarily due to an increase in electrical conductivity, resulting from the inclusion of the metallic Ti70.5Fe29.5 eutectic phase, while the reduction in thermal conductivity can be ascribed to the enhanced phonon scattering by numerous lamellae interfaces of beta-Ti and TiFe of the eutectic phase and aka their interfaces with the HH phase. The effective value of the thermal conductivity of HH TiNiSn/eutectic Ti70.5Fe29.5 composites, calculated by the effective medium theory in the light of Maxwell-Eucken approximations, matches well with the experimental value of thermal conductivity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemistry
Energy Fuels
Materials Science
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 10:29
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 10:29

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