Babu, Vikash and Pasha, Syed Khalid and Gupta, Govind and Majumdar, C. B. and Choudhury, Bijan (2014) Enzymatic Surface Modification of Polyacrylonitrile and Its Copolymers: Effects of Polymer Surface Area and Protein Adsorption. Fibers and Polymers, 15 (1). 24-29 . ISSN 1229-9197

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Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) is a widely used polymer in the textile industry. PAN contains cyano groups on the surface due to which it possess low hydrophilicity and limits its application. Thus, there is a need to modify the functional groups on the surface of PAN for its industrial demand to improve moisture uptake, dyeability With ionic dyes, without affecting mechanical properties. A number of strategies such as chemical treatment, plasma treatment, enzymatic treatment etc. have been applied for the surface modification of polymer but enzymatic treatment are advantageous over plasma treatment and chemical treatment. In enzymatic treatment, reaction is limited to polymer surface only, and provides milder condition with less damage to polymer. In present study, it was found that enzyme system of Amycolatopsis sp.IITR215 was effective enzyme system for modification of surface nitrile groups of polyacrylonitrile. PAN powder was treated with the cell free extract of Amycolatopsis sp.IITR215 and it was found that the nitrile metabolizing enzymes of this strain were efficiently able to transform -CN to -COOH groups present on the surfaces of PAN powder. The formation of carboxyl group was quantified by ammonia released and dye binding assay. Further, confirmation of carboxyl group on polymer was done by FTIR and XPS. This study indicates that, specific adsorption of enzyme probably plays an important role in the enzymatic surface modification of polymer.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/S Springer Verlag.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surface modification, Adsorption, Co-polymer, FT-IR, Nitrile metabolizing enzyme
Subjects: Materials Science
Polymer Science
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2015 06:29
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2015 06:29

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