KAUR, HARJEET and SHARMA, LALIT and SINGH, SIMRJIT and SIVAIAH, BATHULA and REDDY, G. B. and SENGUTTUVAN, T. D. (2014) Enhancement in Figure of Merit (ZT) by Annealing of BiTe Nanostructures Synthesized by Microwave-Assisted Flash Combustion. Journal of Electronic Materials, 43 (6). pp. 1782-1789. ISSN 0361-5235

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Uniform polycrystalline bismuth telluride (BiTe) nanowires of diameter 100 nm to 150 nm and hexagonal nanoplates with thickness of 50 nm to 100 nm have been successfully synthesized by the microwave-assisted flash combustion technique. The formation of BiTe nanostructures depends on the type of fuel and the oxidant-to-fuel ratio, which in turn affect the reaction time and reaction temperature. Spark plasma sintering has been employed for compaction and sintering of both as-synthesized as well as annealed BiTe powders. Increasing the sintering temperature while using faster sintering cycles reduced the porosity, resulting in high densification while preserving the nanostructures. The dimensionless figure of merit (ZT) was evaluated from the Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity values over the range from 300 K to 600 K. The effect of annealing on the enhancement of ZT is discussed. These evaluations suggest that the rarely studied BiTe is a potential candidate for thermoelectric applications at low temperatures.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/S IEEE.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spark plasma sintering, BiTe, thermoelectric
Subjects: Engineering
Materials Science
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2015 06:22
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2015 06:22
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1285

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