Pahuja, Poonam and Kotnala, R. K. and Tandon, R. P. (2014) Effect of rare earth substitution on properties of barium strontium titanate ceramic and its multiferroic composite with nickel cobalt ferrite. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 617. 140-148 . ISSN 0925-8388

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Effect of substitution of rare earth ions (Dy3+, Gd3+ and Sm3+) on various properties of Ba0.95Sr0.05TiO3 (BST) i.e. the composition Ba0.95-1.5xSr0.05RxTiO3 (where x = 0.00, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03 and R are rare earths Dy, Gd, Sm) and that of their multiferroic composite with Ni0.8Co0.2Fe2O4 (NCF) has been studied. Shifting of peaks corresponding to different compositions in the X-ray diffraction pattern confirmed the substitution of rare earth ions at both Ba2+ and Ti4+ sites in BST. It is clear from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images that rare earth substitution in BST increases its grain size in both pure and composite samples. Substitution of rare earth ions results in increase in value of dielectric constant of pure and composite samples. Sm substitution in BST significantly decreases its Curie temperature. Dy substituted pure and composite samples possess superior ferroelectric properties as confirmed by polarization vs electric field (P-E) loops. Composite samples containing Dy, Gd and Sm substituted BST as ferroelectric phase possess lower values of remanent and saturation magnetizations in comparison to composite sample containing pure BST as ferroelectric phase (BSTC). Rare earth substituted composite samples possess higher value of magnetoelectric coefficient as compared to that for BSTC. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/S Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composite materials Solid state reactions Magnetostriction Grain boundaries Magnetic measurements
Subjects: Chemistry
Materials Science
Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2015 10:59
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2015 10:59

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