Jain, Shipra and Jain, A. R. and Mandal, T. K. (2014) Dry phase of tropical lower stratospheric water vapor: Role of BDC, convection and ozone variability. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 121 (SI). pp. 257-270. ISSN 1364-6826

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In the present paper, the relationship between dry phase of water vapor in the tropical lower stratosphere (rLs) and 100 hPa temperatures (T-100) has been examined. Role of various processes, such as Brewer-Dobson circulation (BDC), convective activities and seasonal minimum of ozone mixing ratio, has been quantified to explain the reason of low T-100 over Indonesian-Australian western Pacific region (IAWPR). Aura MLS data show that low water vapor mixing ratio (WVMR) first appears over the western Pacific during northern hemisphere (NH) winters and directs the dry phase of ms. Observations of low T-100 (similar to 188 K), close association between WVMR and T-100,T- slow transport of water vapor in TLS and saturation of air close to 82.5-100 hPa over IAWPR indicate conditions favorable for 'freeze drying'. Present analysis has brought out several interesting features (a) in addition to BDC, convective activities and low ozone mixing ratio near the tropopause level seems to be contributing to the low T-100 over IAWPR during NH winter/spring, (b) apart from the seasonal decrease, T-100 over IAWPR is noted to be continually low throughout the year by similar to 1.2 K than the zonal mean value where part of such decrease in T-100 (i.e. similar to 0.7 K) can be understood in terms of water vapor feedback process and (c) wave activity of different temporal scale and amplitude (similar to 1-2 K) also modulate T-100 over IAWPR. MLS observations also provide an evidence of coupling between the surface and TLS processes, if the sea surface temperature over IAWPR is more than 301.7 K.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/S Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Watervapor Dehydration Tropopause BDC Convection
Subjects: Geochemistry/ Geophysics
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2015 06:45
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2015 06:45
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1237

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