Srivastava , A. K. and Soni, V. K. and Singh , Sachchidanand and Kanawade, V. P. and Singh, N. and Tiwari, S. and Attri, S. D. (2014) An early South Asian dust storm during March 2012 and its impacts on Indian Himalayan foothills: A case study. Science of the Total Environment, 493. pp. 526-534. ISSN 0048-9697

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The impacts of an early South Asian dust storm that originated over the western part of the Middle East and engulfed northwest parts of India during the third week of March 2012 have been studied at four different stations covering India and Pakistan. The impacts of this dust storm on aerosol optical properties were studied in detail at Delhi, Jodhpur, Lahore and Karachi. The impact could also be traced up to central Himalayan foothills at Manora Peak. During dust events, the aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 500 nm reached a peak value of 0.96, 1.02, 2.17 and 0.49 with a corresponding drop in Angstrom exponent (AE for 440-870 nm) to 0.01, -0.02, 0.00 and 0.12 at Delhi, Jodhpur, Lahore and Karachi, respectively. The single scattering albedo (SSA) at 675 nm was relatively lower at Delhi (0.87) and Jodhpur (0.86), with absorption Angstrom exponent (ME) less than 1.0, but a large value of SSA was observed at Lahore (0.98) and Karachi (0.93), with AAE value greater than 1.0 during the event. The study of radiative impact of dust aerosols revealed a significant cooling at the surface and warming in the atmosphere (with corresponding large heating rate) at all the stations during dust event. The effect of this dust storm was also seen at Manora Peak in central Himalayas which showed an enhancement of similar to 28% in the AOD at 500 nm. The transport of dust during such events can have severe climatic implications over the affected plains and the Himalayas.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/S Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerosols South Asian dust storm Aerosol properties Radiative forcing Himalayas
Subjects: Physics
Depositing User: Dr. Rajpal Walke
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2015 06:49
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 06:49

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