M. , Deepa and Kar, M. and Singh, D. P. and Srivastava, A. K. and Ahmad, Shahzada (2008) Influence of polyethylene glycol template on microstructure and electrochromic properties of tungsten oxide. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 92 (2). pp. 170-178. ISSN 0927-0248

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Electrochemical synthesis of tungsten oxide (WO3) thin film nanostructures by potentiostatically controlling the surface aggregates formed at the electrode–electrolyte interface, in the presence of a polymeric template (polyethylene glycol 400, PEG) from a plating sol of peroxotungstic acid (PTA) is presented. The nanoparticulate morphology of the WO3 film changes drastically upon varying PEG content in the precursor sol; from an amorphous structure with randomly distributed pores for a film derived from a PTA sol with PEG:ethanol in a 3:7 volume ratio, to a mesoporous, nanocrystalline material with hybrid structures encompassing spherical grains and nanorod-like shapes with a triclinic modification for a film formed in a sol with PEG:ethanol in a 1:1 volume ratio. This approach highlights the role of the PEG proportion in controlling crystal growth, assembly patterns and pore structure. The film derived from the sol with PEG:ethanol in a 1:1 volume ratio exhibits superior transmission modulation and coloration efficiency as compared to the film obtained from a sol with PEG:ethanol in a 3:7 volume ratio. While the latter film deteriorates rapidly within 35 color-bleach cycles, the former film sustains more than 3500 cycles, without significant degradation. This film also exhibits fast switching between the clear and blue states; these are repercussions of the mesopore structure and the interconnected nanocrystallite phase.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to M/s Elsevier B.V.
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2015 10:52
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2015 10:52
URI: http://npl.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1076

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