Verma, Kuldeep Chand and Singh, M. and Kotnala, K. and Negi, N. S. (2008) Ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity in highly resistive Pb(0.7)Sr(0.3)(Fe(0.012)Ti(0.988))O(3) nanoparticles and its conduction by variable-range-hopping mechanism. Applied Physics Letters, 93 (7). 072904-1-072904-3. ISSN 1077-3118

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The enhancement in ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity at room temperature for Pb0.7Sr0.3�Fe0.012Ti0.988�O3 �PSFT� nanoparticles is proved by magnetization and polarization hysteresis loop. The x-ray diffraction and micrograph show that the PSFT nanoparticles have distorted tetragonal single phase, and their average particle’s size is 8 nm. The effect of Sr content reduces the particle size, and hence the multiferroic system becomes more resistive, which dominates the superparamagnetic/paraelectric relaxation. The variable-range-hopping conduction mechanism explained the high resistivity of PSFT nanoparticles, which suggests that the room temperature movement of electrons involves short-range order through defect states.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Physics
Depositing User: Ms Neetu Chandra
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2014 05:42
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2014 05:42

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